FICO - Your Credit Score
Since we live in an automated society, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage comes down to a single number.
The FICO score is compiled by credit reporting agencies. They use the payment history from your various loans: mortgages, car loans, credit cards, and others.
Each of the three credit agencies has its own formula for building your credit score. The original FICO model was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While the formulas vary, the differences aren't huge; they all use the following in calculating your credit score:
- Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- History of Payments - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Credit Card Balances - How many credit card accounts do you hold, and how much do you owe on them?
- Inquiries on Your Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
Each of these factors is assigned a value and a weight. Each formula produces a single number which may vary a a little by agency. Credit scores range from 300 to 800. Higher is always better. Most home buyers in the current environment have a score above 620.
Your credit score greatly affects how much you pay in interest every month
FICO scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Improving your score
Is it possible to raise your FICO score? Some companies promise quick fixes, but they can't do anything different than what you can do — for free. (Of course you must remove incorrect data on your credit report.)
Know your FICO
Before you can improve your credit score, you have to know your score and be sure that the credit reports from each agency are correct. Fair Isaac, the corporation that offered the original FICO credit score, sells credit scores on its website: myFICO.com. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score as well as credit reports from all three credit reporting agencies. They also provide information and online tools that can help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report every year from all three agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting one is fast and very inexpensive.
Armed with this information, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the most favorable mortgage.
Want to know more about your credit score? Give us a call at (541) 683-3300.